"We see nothing truly until we understand it"~ John Constable


The Principles of Art
Line & Movement


Prior to 967 AD
Master of Gero-Codex: Gero-Kodex, Szene: Initiale S



Principles of Art
Variety, Line, Movement, Rhythm & Balance


Vignette for Le Jardin des Plantes "The Elster"
Charles-François Daubigny


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Unity within the composition...

Formal elements of Art -Line, Shape, Space, Form, Light, Color and Texture.

Principles of Design -Rhythm, Repetition, Balance, Proportion, Scale, Unity, and Variety.

Color is used to build unity between the elements that make up the composition. Unity establishes a relationship between the elements within the composition.

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Create Unity through Color and Compositional Theme...

Unity through Color  
Unity through Theme  
The artist can also create unity through a common quality in meaning or a suggested idea or through a particular style. The artist can use several methods to create unity. Here the mood is nostalgia and the items are antiques.
Unity through Texture  
The artist can also create unity by making objects similar to each other, such as using several glass, or metallic objects, or objects which relate in shape. Here the objects are ceramic. Another way for the artist to create unity is through the alignment of objects.
Unity through position in the Composition  
Artists also rely on the placement of the objects, that is, the proximity of the objects to each other and how they relate in size or texture to create the unity in the set up. here we have a garden theme, flowers, statues, and a pair of stone doves.

Create Unity through Scale and Proportion...

Unity establishes a relationship between individual parts of the composition and its wholeness. Unity is created when a combination of similar elements such as forms, shapes and colors are used.

In the image of the two candle sticks, both elements are the same height, even though one sits behind the other, the heights are the same and do not add to the unity of the composition. Rather they create an imbalance and as a result there is no unity. The placement of the shelf at the top of the design is also distracting. In the image on the right above, the scale of the elements are well balanced, their position relative to each other is correct.

Often the artist will use the proportions of objects, such as size, numbers or quantity as well as scale to to establish a relationship between elements or parts of the composition, creating a feeling that all the elements belong together. This does not mean that using elements that are always the same will work every time, but rather using objects which create a feeling that they compliment each other is more important.

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